Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 352--356

Evaluation of enamel remineralizing potential of self-assembling peptide P11-4 on artificially induced enamel lesions in vitro


Vemulapalli Sindhura, KS Uloopi, C Vinay, Rayala Chandrasekhar 
 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vemulapalli Sindhura
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Vishnu Dental College, Vishnupur, Bhimavaram - 534 202, Andhra Pradesh
India

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the remineralizing efficacy of self-assembling peptide (SAP) P11-4 qualitatively and quantitatively using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), respectively. Methodology: Enamel samples (n = 24) were prepared by sectioning extracted premolars and subjected for demineralization to create artificial enamel lesions. The structural and elemental concentrations (calcium and phosphate weight %) were assessed to obtain baseline data using SEM and EDX spectroscopy, respectively. The samples were randomly allocated into two groups and were treated with SAP P11-4 (test group) and casein phosphopeptides-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) (control group) followed by storage in artificial saliva to evaluate the remineralizing efficacy at 1-week, 1-month, and 3-month intervals. Results: Data were analyzed using the ANOVA and unpaired t-test. From the observed results, CPP-ACP showed a significant increase in Ca: P ratio (2.04 ± 0.2) with irregular surface calcific deposition at 1-week interval and this reduced with time (1.87 ± 0.11 at 3-month interval). Whereas P11-4 showed a significant increase in Ca: P ratio (1.95 ± 0.10) with uniform ion deposition suggestive of hydroxyapatite nucleation over a 3-month period. Conclusion: SAP P11-4 exhibited superior remineralization with uniform mineral deposition compared to CPP-ACP at 3-month interval.


How to cite this article:
Sindhura V, Uloopi K S, Vinay C, Chandrasekhar R. Evaluation of enamel remineralizing potential of self-assembling peptide P11-4 on artificially induced enamel lesions in vitro.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018;36:352-356


How to cite this URL:
Sindhura V, Uloopi K S, Vinay C, Chandrasekhar R. Evaluation of enamel remineralizing potential of self-assembling peptide P11-4 on artificially induced enamel lesions in vitro. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 May 18 ];36:352-356
Available from: https://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2018;volume=36;issue=4;spage=352;epage=356;aulast=Sindhura;type=0