Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 110--114

Assessment of maternal risk indicators for the development of caries in their children: A comparative, cross-sectional study


HR Priyadarshini1, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes1, SS Hiremath2, Avita Rath1, Vanishree Shivakumar1, Anand Siddappa Tegginamani1 
1 Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
H R Priyadarshini
Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Jalan Teknologi, Kota Damansar, PJU 5, Petaling Jaya 47810, Selangor
Malaysia

Introduction: Certain factors in mothers could be risk indicators for certain diseases in their children. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess maternal risk indicators for the development of early childhood caries in their children. Methodology: A comparative, cross-sectional study was designed among 180 mother-child pairs attending various Anganwadi centers. Demographic, dietary, oral hygiene practices and other necessary information were collected from mothers using a structured questionnaire. Caries status and amount of plaque were recorded through clinical examination. Nonstimulated saliva from mothers was cultured for mutans streptococci (MS). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Chi-square, Student's t-test, and logistic regression were used. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In the study group, 73.3% of mothers had caries as compared to only 53.3% mothers in control group. While mean DMFT and mean DMFS of mothers in the study group was 3.78 ± 3.91 and 8.37 ± 12.2, respectively, the same for the mothers in the control group was 2.66 ± 3.01 and 5.8 ± 5.3. Sixty (66.7%) out of ninety mothers in the study group had a high MS count as compared to only 40 (44.4%) mothers in control group (P = 0.003). Conclusion: The present study showed that high salivary MS count and decay in mothers could be important risk indicators for the development of caries in their children.


How to cite this article:
Priyadarshini H R, Fernandes BA, Hiremath S S, Rath A, Shivakumar V, Tegginamani AS. Assessment of maternal risk indicators for the development of caries in their children: A comparative, cross-sectional study.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2017;35:110-114


How to cite this URL:
Priyadarshini H R, Fernandes BA, Hiremath S S, Rath A, Shivakumar V, Tegginamani AS. Assessment of maternal risk indicators for the development of caries in their children: A comparative, cross-sectional study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2017 [cited 2023 Feb 4 ];35:110-114
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2017;volume=35;issue=2;spage=110;epage=114;aulast=Priyadarshini;type=0