Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225--230

Infant motivation in dental health: Attitude without constant reinforcement


Fabiana Bucholdz Teixeira Alves1, Eunice Kuhn1, Danielle Bordin1, Vitoldo Antonio Kozlowski1, Daniela Procida Raggio2, Cristina Berger Fadel1 
1 Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, Ponta Grossa, Brazil
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Dental School, University of Sao Paulo-USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Fabiana Bucholdz Teixeira Alves
Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, General Carlos Cavalacanti Av., 4748 - Campus Uvaranas, CEP: 84030-900, Ponta Grossa, PR
Brazil

Introduction: Social factors determine the child«SQ»s behavior and motivation is an important task in the teaching-learning process. This longitudinal and cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of a motivational activity program for oral hygiene habits formation after motivation and without constant reinforcement. Materials and Methods: The sample was constituted of 26 children (mean 6 years old) from a Public Kindergarten School in Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil. Data were collected applying a test-chart, with figures reporting the process of dental health/illness. Some figures were considered positive to dental health (dentist/Cod 1, toothbrush/Cod 3, dentifrice/dental floss/Cod 6, fruits/vegetables/Cod 7 and tooth without caries lesion/Cod 8) and negative on dental health (sweets/Cod 2, bacteria/Cod 4, tooth with caries lesion/Cod 5). The figures presentation occurred in three different stages: First stage - figures were presented to children without previous knowledge; second stage - following the motivational presentation, and third stage - 30 days after the first contact. Results: On the first stage, most children select good for the figures considered harmful to their teeth (Cod 2-88%; Cod 4-77% and Cod 5-65%). On the second stage, there was a lower percentage: 23% (P < 0.0001), 8% (P < 0.0001), and 23% (P = 0.0068) related to the Cod 2, 4, and 5. On the third stage, the results showed again an association with the good choice to these figures considered harmful (Cod 2-85%, Cod 4-65% and Cod 5-54%) similar the results obtained on the first stage. Conclusion: The motivational programs performed without constant reinforcement does not have a positive influence in changing the child«SQ»s behavior related to a better dental care.


How to cite this article:
Teixeira Alves FB, Kuhn E, Bordin D, Kozlowski VA, Raggio DP, Fadel CB. Infant motivation in dental health: Attitude without constant reinforcement.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2014;32:225-230


How to cite this URL:
Teixeira Alves FB, Kuhn E, Bordin D, Kozlowski VA, Raggio DP, Fadel CB. Infant motivation in dental health: Attitude without constant reinforcement. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2014 [cited 2023 Feb 4 ];32:225-230
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2014;volume=32;issue=3;spage=225;epage=230;aulast=Teixeira;type=0