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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-2

Publicationomics: Delusion demystified

Principal, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Karad, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication2-Feb-2016

Correspondence Address:
N D Shashikiran
Principal, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Karad, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.175496

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How to cite this article:
Shashikiran N D. Publicationomics: Delusion demystified. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2016;34:1-2

How to cite this URL:
Shashikiran N D. Publicationomics: Delusion demystified. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Aug 10];34:1-2. Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/text.asp?2016/34/1/1/175496

Getting one's work published nowadays is becoming an uphill task. Also, there is an increased confusion regarding the categorizing of one's publications as "national" and "international." When endeavoring into manuscript preparation for publishing, the risk of rejection by the journal is even more challenging. For amateur authors particularly, it becomes difficult and disheartening. Repeated rejections exponentially stretch the publication time. Journal selection in accordance with the nature of the manuscript is elementary for successfully publishing the research work.

What does a successful publication mean? It may vary from person to person. When asked, PubMed-indexed and international journals usually top the priority list for all those who are eager to publish. One needs to quantify the quality of his/her work/research and then determine the journal that is most suited. Journals can be broadly classified on the basis of whether they are national or international journals, peer-reviewed or not, indexed or not, and their impact factor, etc.

Why are people inquisitive to know whether the publication is in a national or an international journal? It is because they relate it to the unnecessary distinction and assess the merit/academic achievements of an individual on this basis. Dividing journals into "national" and "international" categories is ambiguous as it forces the assumption beforehand that national journals, for example, Indian journals, publish articles only from Indian authors and/or are available only in India, whereas the most universally understood implication of such a divergence is to distinguish journals that are published in India and those outside India.

A national journal is one which is published and circulated within the confines of the country. It usually belongs to and/or is started by a national institute or scientific society working at the national level and normally publishes papers from the country and from outside as well with its circulation normally within the country but not limited to it. National journals are usually indexed by multiple national indexing agencies and occasionally by international indexing agencies with a small impact factor. The editor/editorial board is normally confined to a group within the country. However, an international journal is one which is published and circulated in the nation as well as beyond the boundaries of the nation. Whether a journal is international is related to the authors, readers, board members, language, having International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) number, and whether it is included in scientific abstracting services. These journals basically belong to and are started by a publisher/scientific society working at the international/national level. These are normally open to publishing papers from all over the world; their circulation is worldwide and normally indexed by most of the major indexing agencies and the full text of the publications is in English.

Another quantifying and qualifying tool that is readily used is the impact factor (IF), which provides a very expedient tool to those who are asked to evaluate the work of others. IF enables quantification of the merit of a journal very quickly and effortlessly. The end result unfortunately sees a failure of submission driven of good manuscripts in national journals. Hence, a considerable part of the manuscripts published in national journals remains below par irrespective of whatever the reason may be, thereby contributing to the poor status of national journals in a multifactorial scenario. The credibility of a manuscript should be judged by the authenticity and novelty of the research. The editor who is responsible for peer review may either reject a substandard manuscript or in other instances, may approve a mediocre research work if the entire lot of manuscripts required for an issue falls short of the standard.

The bane of burgeoning "open access" and "e-journals" needs to be rethought by the University Grants Commission, apex bodies, or the universities/research institutes while evaluating an individual's research work. Due to the commercialization of journals and the helplessness of the authors who somehow need to meet the apex body's requirements for job and/or promotion, the demand for manuscripts, which are sometimes "not up to the mark," is always surplus. Though national journals usually have a plausibly good peer review system, the quality of work published in these is mostly average, the reason being the disinclination of the authors to submit their manuscripts to national journals as their first priority. National journals, though competitive, are still not up to the mark mainly because most of the "eureka" contributions made by researchers are directed preferably toward international (European and/or American) journals, which are regarded as superlative.

I personally feel that the definition of international journals should be confined to journals included in international scientific abstracting services and with an ISSN number as the minimum requirements to qualify as an international journal. Along with this, other qualities such as:

Robust editorial policies,

A stringent and qualified peer review system; and

Strong academic interest of the publisher should be deliberated for qualifying it as quality publication journal, whereas for high impact publication the individual article citations and download statistics should be the measures of high impact.

Therefore, a journal that affirms publishing articles from many countries with its editorial board comprising scientists from many countries and which has worldwide circulation is deemed to be called an international journal. The popular quotation says "What's in a name?"; the word "international" may or may not be there. Examples are well known, "Nature", "Science", and "Cell" etc.


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