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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-86

Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi PostGraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry, Puducherry (UT), India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Krishnadevaraya Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Arti Agrawal
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Gorimedu, Indira Nagar, Puducherry - 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.127071

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Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia is a type of hemi-maxillofacial dysplasia. It is a sporadic, mesoectodermal dysplasia that presents early in life, possibly as early as in utero and exhibits male gender predominance (1.7:1.0). Its features include enlargement of the soft tissue and/or bone of one hemimaxilla that may produce mild facial asymmetry, sclerotic radiographic bone changes and dental developmental abnormalities. The dense bone, which often exhibits a radiographic vertical orientation of the trabecular bone pattern, is generally associated with delayed eruption of the teeth. Congenitally missing premolar teeth (eithe or both) is a common feature of this condition that is of significant diagnostic value. Ipsilateral cutaneous findings have been reported in 23% of cases. Immature woven bone forming irregular patterns are seen histologically. Herein, we present a case report on segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia in a 13-year-old boy.


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