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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-150

Evaluation of children's behavior aged 0-3 years during dental care: A longitudinal analysis

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade Paranaense - Campus Umuarama - School of Dentistry, Brazil
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Sacred Heart USC - Bauru, Brazil
3 Department of Pediatric Dentistry,School of Dentistry of Araçatuba, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Brazil

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DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.57094

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Child temperament has been studied in various researches and may be useful to predict how a child responds to dental treatment, especially very young children. The purpose of the present longitudinal study was to evaluate the behavioral manifestation of children aged 0 to 3 years, considering different types of dental situation. A total of 169 children were selected and the following data were collected: the age of the child, gender, age of the mother, number of dental visits and their respective dates, stimuli offered to the child, and behavioral response to these stimuli. The children and their respective behaviors were divided into five groups according to the dental situation offered: control, missed visits, fluoride varnish, restoration, and dental trauma. The data were submitted to descriptive and inferential analysis using the chi-square test, with the level of significance set at 5%. Analysis of the different situation offered to infants during routine dental care revealed a predominance of collaborating and partially collaborating behavior, and age at the time of dental care influenced the behavior of the infants, irrespective of the stimulus group. The different types of dental situation provoked changes in the behavioral response of the children of certain age groups, especially in the dental trauma group.


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