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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-31

The effect of mouth breathing on dentofacial morphology of growing child


1 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, CSMMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, CSMMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, CSMMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Public Health Dentistry, FODS, CSMMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Malhotra
D162, South City, Raibareilli Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.95572

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Backround: The oral mode of respiration cause postural adaptations of structures in the head and neck region producing the effect on the positional relationship of the jaws. Aim: The aim of this study is to verify the skeletal relationship of mouth and nose breathing child. Study design: A cross sectional study was performed to assess the association of changed mode of respiration with dentofacial growth. Materials and Methods : One hundred children among which 54 were mouth breathers and 46 were nasal breathers of 6-12 years of age were submitted to clinical examination and cephalometric radiographical analysis. Statistical analysis : Chi-square test for proportions and independent sample's 't'test for parametric data is used. Result: The mean values of N-Me (P<0.001) ANS-Me (P<0.001) and SN-GoGn (P<0.001) for mouth breathers is significantly higher. ArGo-GoMe (P=0.003) and (P<0.011) for 6-9 and 9-12 years age group, respectively, were significantly low in nasal breathers group. Conclusions: Changed mode of respiration was associated with increased facial height, mandibular plane angle and gonial angle.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Medknow 
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